BUTTERFLY

In the ocean of creations, butterflies are small yet beautiful creatures that steal hearts. In cities, it is now difficult to see these beautiful winged creatures due to loss of habitat. But due to the fruitful efforts of Forest Department sighting of different butterflies within the city has become possible. Butterflies are part of the life on Earth and an important component of its rich biodiversity. They are among first evolved species. Butterflies have fascinating life-cycles that are used to teach children about the natural world. The transformation from egg to caterpillar to chrysalis is one of the wonders of nature. These are an extremely important group of ‘model’ organisms used to investigate many areas of biological research such as navigation, pest control, embryology, mimicry, evolution, genetics, population dynamics and biodiversity conservation.

BUTTERFLY PARK

  • The Department has developed Butterfly Park in Sector-26, Chandigarh spread over an area of 7 acres. The park has been designed to facilitate an ideal environment for the breeding of butterflies. This beautiful park attracts lots of visitors.

  • To make ideal habitat for the butterflies special care is taken, and numerous host and nectar plants can be easily seen. These plants attract butterflies and greatly help in the breeding of specific species. Host plants like Mango, Salix, Citrus spps., Amla, Ashoka, camphor, etc. are planted for the breeding of Butterflies and Nectar plants such as Dahlia, Pansy, Marigold, Sweet peas, Antrinium, Cosmos, Zinnia etc. are planted seasonally. Butterflies also derive nourishment from pollen, tree sap, rotten fruits, dun and dissolved minerals in wet sand or dirt. Rotten fruits are placed at different locations of the Park to attract the butterflies. Over hundred species of different butterflies has been clicked on different occasions.
 
  • The Department in collaboration with various Eco Clubs organizes visits of school students to sensitize them about this beautiful creation.

FACILITIES AVAILABLE

  • Nature Trail
  • Butterfly Conservatory (Titli Ghar)
  • Interpretation Centre
  • Interpretive Boards
  • Interpretive signages
  • Host/Nectar Plant Boards
  • Waterfall structure
  • Aquatic Plant Section

List of Butterflies found in Butterfly Park, Chandigarh

Sr.No Butterflies Name (Common Name) Butterflies Name (Scientific Name) Host Plants

1

Angled Castor

Ariadne ariadne

Arandi (Ricinus Communis)

2

Anomalous Nawab

Polyura agraria

 

3

Apefly

Spalgis epius

 

4

Baronet

Euthalia nais

Kendu (Diospyros melanoxylon)

5

Bath white

Pontia daplidice

 

6

Besta Palm Dart

Telicota besta bina

 

7

Black Rajah

Charaxes solon

 

8

Blue Mormon

Papilio polymnestor

 

9

Blue owl

Caligo illioneus

 

10

Blue Pansy

Junonia Orithya

Water Willow (Justicia procumbens)

11

Blue Tiger

Tirumala limniace

 

12

Bright Babul Blue

Azanus ubaldus

 

13

Bush Hopper

 

 

14

Castor

 

 

15

Chestnut Angle

Odontoptilum angulata

 

16

Chestnut Bob

Iambrix salsala

 

17

Chestnut Tiger

Parantica sita

 

18

Chocolate pansy

Junonia iphita

Dheu (Artocarpus lacucha)

19

Clear Sailor

Neptis clinia

 

20

Club Beak

Libythea myrrha

Khirak (Celtis australis)

21

Commander

Muduza procris

 

22

Common Acacia Blue

Surendra quercetorum

 

23

Common Albatross

 

 

24

Common Banded Peacock

 

 

25

Common Baron

 

 

26

Common blue bottle

Graphium sarpedon

Ashoka (Polyalthia longifolia)

27

Common Bush Brown

 

 

28

Common Cerulean

 

 

29

Common Crow

Euploea core

Amaltas (Cassia Fistula)

30

Common Emigrant

 

 

31

Common Evening Brown

 

 

32

Common Grass Yellow

 

 

33

Common Gull

 

 

34

Common Hedge Blue

 

 

35

Common Jay

Graphium doson

Kapur (Cinnamomum Camphora)

36

Common Jester

Symbrenthia lilaea

 

37

Common Jezebel

Delias eucharis

Honey Suckle Mistletoe (Dendrophthoe falcata)

38

Common Leopard

Phalanta phalantha

Willow (Salix babylonica)

39

Common Map

Cyrestis thyodamas

Pipal tree (Ficus religiosa)

40

Common Mime

Papilio clytia

Kapur (Cinnamomum Camphora), Crane flower (Strelitzia reginae)

41

Common mormon

Papilio Polytes

Bael (Aegle marmelos), Karipata (Murraya Koenigii)

42

Common Nawab

 

 

43

Common Palmfly

Elymnias hypermnestra

 

44

Common Pierrot

Castalius rosimon

Ber (Ziziphus jujuba)

45

Common Red Eye

 

 

46

Common Red Rose Mormon

Papilio polytes

Galgal (Citrus pseudolimon)

 

47

Common Rose

Atrophaneura aristolochiae

Aristolochia indica

48

Common Sailor

Neptis hylas

Gudhal (Hibiscus rosasinensis)

49

Common Sergeant

Athyma perius

 

50

Common Three-ring

 

 

51

Common Wanderer

 

 

52

Crimson Rose

 

 

53

Crimson Tip

 

 

54

Danaid Eggfly

Hypolimnas misippus

Gudhal (Hibiscus rosasinensis), Dophar Khidi (Portalaca grandflora)

55

Dark Blue Tiger

Tirumala septentrionis

Neela Phulnu (Ageratum conyzoides)

56

Dark Cerulean

 

 

57

Dark Glassy Tiger

 

 

58

Double-Branded Crow

 

 

59

Glassy Tiger

Parantica aglea

 

60

Gaudy Baron

 

 

61

Grass Demon

Udaspes folus

Zingiber zerumbet

62

Grass Jewel

Freyeria trouchylus

 

63

Great Eggflly

Hypolimnas bolina

 

64

Grey Pansy

Junonia atlites

Barleria cristata

65

Himalayan Fulvous Pied Flat

Pseudocoladenia dan

 

66

Horaga onyx

 

 

67

Indian Fritillary

Argyreus hyperbius

 

68

Indian Red Admiral

Vanessa Indica

False Nettle (Boehmeria grandis)

69

Indian Tortoiseshall

Aglais cashmiriensis

 

70

Large white Cabbage

Pieris brassicae

 

71

Lemon Ehuigrant

catosilia pomona

Fiddle Leaf Fig (Lyrata Ficus)

72

Lemon Pansy

Junonia lemonias

Bhang (Cannabis sativa), Kala Bansa (Barleria cristata)

73

Lime Butterfly

Papilio demoleus

Galgal (Citrus limon), Kinu

74

Oak Leaf

Kallima inachus

Peach (Prunus persica)

75

One-spot grass yellow

Eurema andersonii

 

76

Orange Oakleaf

Kallima albofasciata

 

77

Painted Lady

Vanessa cardui

Bush Mallow (Lavatera maritime)

78

Peacock Pansy

Junonia Almana

Barleria cristata, Lemon (Citrus limon)

79

Plain cupid

Chilades pandava

Kikar (Acacia nilotica)

80

Plain tiger

Danaus chrysippus

 

81

Plain Tiger

Danaus chrysippus

Ixora (Ixora Coccinea), Madar (Calotropis procera)

82

Plains cupid

Chilades pandava

Kikar (Acacia nilotica)

83

Red Pierrot

Talicada nyseus

Pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus), Ber (Ziziphus jujuba)

84

Rustic

Cupha erymanthis

 

85

Silverstreak Blue

Iraota timoleon

 

86

Spangle

Papilio protenor

 

87

Striped Blue Crow

Euploea mulciber

 

88

Striped Tiger

Danaus genutia

Madar (Calotropis procera)

89

Tawny Coster

Acraea terpsicore

Aam (mangiafera indica)

90

Vagrant

Vagrans egista

 

91

Yellow Orange Tip

Ixias pyrene

Kanthari (Capparis sepiaria)

92

Yellow Pansy

Junonia hierta

 

List of Butterflies in Chandigarh

Sr no. Common Name Scientific Name Locally status
Family: Nymphalidae Subfamily: Nymphalinae
1 The Painted Lady Vanessa cardui (Linnaeus) Common.
2 The Indian Red Admiral Vanessa indica (Herbst) Not Common
3 The Common Jester Symbrenthia lilaea (Hewitson) Rare
4 The Peacock Pansy Junonia almana (Linnaeus) Not Common
5 The Lemon Pansy Junonia lemonias (Linnaeus) Abundant.
6 The Chocolate Pansy Junoniai phita (Cramer) Abundant.
7 The Blue Pansy Junonia orithya (Linnaeus) Not Common
8 The Yellow Pansy Junonia hierta (Fabricius) Common.
9 The Grey Pansy Junonia atlites (Linnaeus) Rare
10 The Blue Admiral Kaniska canace (Linnaeus) Rare
11 The Danaid Eggfly Hypolimnas misippus (Linnaeus) Not Common
12 The Great Eggfly Hypolimna sbolina(Linnaeus) Not Common
Subfamily Charaxiae Rajahs, Nawabs & Begum
13 The Black Rajah Charaxes solon (Fabricius) Rare
14 The Anomalous Nawab Polyura agrarius (Swinhoe) Rare
Subfamily: Danainae Milkweed Butterflies
15 The Blue Tiger Tirumala limniace (Cramer) Common
16 The Dark Blue Tiger Tirumala septentrionis(Butler) Common
17 The Striped Tiger Dannus genutia (Cramer) Common
18 The Plain Tiger Dannus chrissipus (Linnaeus) Abundant
19 The Glassy Tiger Parantica aglea (Stoll) Not Common
20 The Dark Glassy Tiger Parantica agleoides(C&R.Felder) Not Common
21 The Chestnut Tiger Parantica sita(Kollar) Rare
22 The Common Crow Euploea core (Cramer) Common
23 The Striped Blue Crow Euploea mulciber(Cramer) Rare
Subfamily: Satyrinae Browns
24 The Common Evening Brown Melanitis ledaleda (Linnaeus) Common
25 The Dark Evening Brown Melanitis phedima(Cramer) Common
26 The Great Evening Brown Melanitis zitenuius(Herbst) Not Common
27 The Bamboo Tree Brown Lethe europa (Fabricius) Not Common
28 The Common Tree Brown Lethe rohria (Fabricius) Not Common
29 The Common Bush Brown Mycalesis perseus (Fabricius) Common
30 The Common Fourring Ypthima huebneri Kirby Not Common
31 The Common Palmfly Elymnias hypermnestra(Linnaeus) Not Common
32 The Dark-Branded Bushbrown. Mycalesis mineus(Linnaeus) Common
33 The Common Fivering Ypthima baldus(Fabricius) Not Common
34 The Lesser Three-ring Ypthima inica Not Common
35 The Common Threering Ypthima asterope(Klug) Not Common
Subfamily: Heliconiinae Costers,Laceings,Fritillaries & Others
36 The Tawny Coster Acraea violae(Fabricius) Not Common
37 The Indian Fritillary Argynnis hyperbius (Linnaeus) Rare
38 The Vagrant Vagrans sinha. Rare
39 The Rustic Cupha erymanthis(Drury) Rare
40 The Common Leopard Phalanta phalantha (Drury) Abundant
Subfamily: Libytheinae
41 The Club Beak Libythea myrrha Godart Uncommon
Subfamily: Limenitidinae Commodores,Sergeants, Barons,Sailors & Others.
42 The Commander Moduza procris (Cramer Uncommon
43 The Common Sailor Neptis hylas (Linnaeus) Common
44 The Studded Sergeant Athyma asura Rare
45 The Common Baron Euthalia aconthea (Cramer) Common
46 The Himalyan Sergeant Athyma opalina(Kollar) Not Common
47 The Baronet Euthalia nais(Forster) Rare
Subspecies susruta
48 The West Himalayan Clear Sailer Neptis nata yerburii Butler Not Common
Subfamily:Cyrestinae Maps,Maplets,Tabby,Popinjay & Constable.
49 The Common Map Cyrestis thyodamas Boisduval Rare
50 The Common Castor Ariadne merione(Cramer) Abundaant
51 The Angled Castor Ariadne ariadne(Linnaeus) Rare
Family: Nymphalidae Subfamily:
52 The Indian Tortoiseshall Aglais cashmiriensis(Kollar) Rare
53 The Orange Oakleaf Kallima inachus(Boisduval) Rare
Family Papilionidae (Swallowtails)
Subfamily Papilioninae
1 The Common Jay Graphiumdoson (C& R. Felder) Abundant
2 The Tawny Mime Chilasaagestor (Gray) Rare
3 The Common Bluebottle Graphium cloanthus Westwood Rare
4 The Common Mormon Papiliopolytes (Linnaeus) Abundant
The Common Mormon Papiliopolytes female from romulus Abundant
The Common Mormon Papiliopolytes female from stichius Not Common
5 The Spangle Papilioprotenor (Cramer) Rare
6 The Lime Butterfly Papiliodemoleus (Linnaeus) Common
7 The Tailed Jay Graphium agamemnon(Linnaeus) Rare
8 The Common Mime from clytia Chilasaclytia (Linnaeus) Un-common
The Common Mime from dissimilis The Common Mime Un-common
9 The Common Peacock Papilio polyctor Boisduval Rare
Red-bodied Swallowtails and Birdwings
10 The Common Rose Atrophaneeura aristolochiar(Febricius Rare
Family Pieridae White and Yellows
Subfamily Coliadinae-Yellows
1 The Three Spot Grass Yellow Eurema blanda (Boisduval) Uncommon
2 The Common Grass Yellow Eurema hecabe (Linnaeus) Common
3 The Small Grass Yellow Eurema brigitta (Stoll) Not Common
4 The Lemon Emigrant Catopsilia pomona (Fabricius) Abundant
5 The Mottled Emigrant Catopsilia pyranthe (Linnaeus) Common
6 The Dark Clouded Yellow Colias fieldii fieldii Ménétriés Not Common
7 The Common Brimstone Gonepteryx rhamni(Linnaeus) Rare.
Subfamily-Whites
8 The White Orange Tip Ixias marianne (Cramer) Common
9 TheYellow Orange Tip Ixias pyrene (Linnaeus) Common
Cabbage White/Bath White & Others
10 The Large Cabbage White Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus) Common
11 The Indian Cabbage White Pieris canidia (Linnaeus) Common
12 The Himalyan Bath White Pontia daplidice(Linnaeus) Common
Gulls,Jezebels & Others
13 The Common Gull Cepora nerissa (Fabricius) Common
14 The Common Jezebel Delias eucharis (Drury) Not Common
15 The Psyche Leptosia nina(Fabricius) Rate
16 The Pioneer White Belenois aurota (Fabricius) Common
Family Hesperiidae Skippers
1 The Common Banded Awl Hosorachromus(Cramer) Rare
2 The Water Snow Flat Tagiades litigiosa litigiosa Möschler Rare
3 The Fulvous Pied Flat Pseudocoladeniadan (Fabricius) Rare
4 The West Himalyan Pied Flat Coladenia indrani(Moore) Rare
5 The Chestnut Angle Odontoptilum angulata(C&R Feldeer) Rare
6 The Indian Skipper Spialiagalba(Fabricius) Not Common
7 The Spotted Small Flat Sarangesa purendra Moore Rare
8 The Indian Common Small Flat Sarangesa dasahara dasahara (Moore) Rare
Subfamily Hesperiinae
9 The Pale Palm Dart Telicota colon (Fabricius) Not Common
10 The Rice Swift Borbocinnara (Wallance) Abundant
11 The Straight Swift Parnara guttatus(Bremer&Grey) Rare
12 The Indian Palm Bob Suastus gremius(Febricius) Not Common
13 The Red Eye Skipper Matapa aria (Moore) Rare
14 The Grass Demon Udaspes folus(Cramer) Rare
15 The Small Branded Swift Pelopidas mathias(Fabricius) Not Common
16 The Dark Palm Dart Telicota ancilla(Herrich-Schaffer) Not Common
Family Lycaenidae
Subfamily:Curetinae Sunbeam
1 The Bright Sunbeam Curetis bulis(Westwood) Not Common
2 Angled Sunbeam Curetis acuta Moore not Common
Subfamily: Theclinae-Strong Blues
3 The Large Oakblue Arhopala amantes(Hewitson) Common
4 The Indian Oakblue Arhopala atrax(Hewitson) Common
5 The Common Acacia Blue Surendra quercetorum (Moore) Very rare
6 The Silverstreak Blue Iraota timoleon(Stoll) Rare
7 The Common Onyx Horaga onyx(Moore) Rare
8 The Guava Blue Virachola isocrates (Fabricius) Rare
9 The Large Guava Blue Deudorix perse Hewitson Rare
10 The Indian Red Flash Rapala airbus (Fabricius) Not Common
11 The Slate Flash Rapala manea(Hewitson) Not Common
12 The Common Silverline Spindasis vulcanus (Fabricius) Not Common
13 The Common Shot Silverline Spindasis ictis (Hewitson) Not Common
14 The Cornelian Deudorix epijarbas(Moore) Not Common
Subfamily: Polyommatinae-Weak Blue
15 The Common Pierrot Castalius rosimon (Fabricius) Not Common
16 The Zebra Blue Leptotes plinius (Fabricius) Not Common
17 The Common Line Blue Prosotas nora (C.Felder) Common
18 The Common Cerulean Jamides celeno(Cramer) Common
19 The Forget-me-not Catochrysops strabo(Fabricius) Not Common
20 The Pea Blue Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus) Common
21 The Rounded Pierrot Tarucus nara (Kollar) Common
22 The Dark Grass Blue Zizeeria karsandra (Moore) Common
23 The Pale Grass Blue Pseudozizeeria maha (Kollar) Common
24 The Grass Jewel Freyeria trochylus Freyer Not Common
25 The Lesser Grass Blue Zizina otis (Fabricius) Common
26 The Tiny Grass Blue Zizula hylax(Febricius) Common
27 The Bright Babul Blue Azanus ubaldus (Stoll) Common
28 The Dull Babul Blue Azanus Uranus Butler Not Common
29 The Red Pierrot Talicada nyseus (Guérin-Méneville) Common
30 The Gram Blue Euchrysops cnejus cnejus (Fabricius) Common
31 The Common Hedge Blue Acytolepis puspa(Horsfield) Rare
32 The Plains Cupid Chilades pandava(Horsfield) Common
33 The Tailless Lineblue Prosotas dubjosa indica Evans Not Common